The ’30 x 30′ target, indigenous peoples and local communities

Introduction (If you are familiar with the 30 x 30 target, you can skip the Introduction) The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is probably the most important international conservation regime in the world. It currently holds a membership of 196 states with only the Holy Sea and the United States not having signed nor ratified …

Would the establishment of an International Sharks Commission make sense?

Introduction In my post from 26 August (here) I showed that many of the world's shark species face conservation concerns, based on data collected by the IUCN. This begs the question whether shark management and conservation efforts in its current form are sufficient or effective enough to ensure long-term conservation and sustainable use of these …

Shark Management, NGOs and Environmental Policy-making

Introduction In recent study on representatives of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) engaged in shark issues, Shiffman and others found out that it is especially small NGOs whose representatives do not engage with the scientific literature on shark management favour a ban on all shark fisheries. They consider this fishery inherently unsustainable. Even though the science in …

Repopulating Europe – the megafaunal way

Introduction On 3 August 2021, the Journal of Environmental Law published the article "Megafauna Rewilding: Addressing Amnesia and Myopia in Biodiversity Law and Policy" by Prof Arie Trouwborst (here). In this article, Trouwborst examines the question on how or if international law and policy allows for a rewilding of areas in which megafauna has gone …

CITES – While there is movement, there is inertia in including indigenous youth

When the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was adopted in March 1973, the discourse on including indigenous peoples into the decision-making processes was just emerging. Now, almost 50 years later, CITES has become a fierce battleground of competing interests, similar, yet not quite as bad, as in …

Youth is becoming ever more important for the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat - commonly referred to as the Ramsar Convention - is one of the oldest multilateral biodiversity treaties in the world. It was concluded already in 1971 and has 171 parties. These 171 parties decide which wetland areas under their jurisdiction is to be …

Third Meeting of the Parties to the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA)

Currently, the UN's Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) together with the European Commission are hosting the Third Meeting of the Parties to the FAO Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA). As of yesterday, 31 May 2021, around 45 parties and observers each, represented by around 300 participants followed the meeting, which is being held online …

The Saami Council’s Arctic Strategy — Partnership, Education and Advocacy

The Saami Council released the Sámi Arctic Strategy during the EU Arctic Forum in Umeå, Sweden, in early October 2019. It is the second Arctic indigenous people's strategic document, which has been released, following the 2016 Inuit Declaration on Arctic Sovereignty. While structurally and in scope different, these two documents demonstrate the increasing role indigenous …

For Biodiversity and Beyond! A Scenario for Transformative Regime Change in the Arctic Region

Introduction In their paper “Integrating Proximal and Horizon Threats to Biodiversity for Conservation,” published on 23 May in Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Bonebrake et al. pick up the idea of ‘transformative change’, which has been put forward by the Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). ‘Transformative change’ is considered to be “a …