On the feasibility of an automated mechanism to list species on the CITES Appendices

Introduction In February 2019 Frank & Wilcove published a short paper in Science in which they argued that due to long delays in the processes of listing species on Appendix I and II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) effective conservation cannot be guaranteed (here). They …

Book Review: Tanya Wyatt’s “Is CITES Protecting Wildlife? Assessing Implementation and Compliance.”

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which was adopted in 1973 and entered into force two years later, has been hailed as one of the most successful multilateral conservation treaties in the world. This is also because it now has a membership of 183, which is one …

Lebensweise, Grausamkeit, Ausrottung? Die jüngste Tötung von Atlantischen Weißseitendelfinen auf den Färöern

(for the English version, please click here) Einleitung Kürzlich machte die Nachricht die Runde, dass am 12. September 2012 auf den zu Dänemark gehörenden Färöer Inseln eine der größten Schlachtungen von Atlantischen Weißseitendelfinen (Leucopleurus acutus) stattgefunden habe. Zahlreiche internationale Nachrichtenstationen, wie die britische BBC, die US Washington Post oder die Tagesschau — um einige wenige …

Would the establishment of an International Sharks Commission make sense?

Introduction In my post from 26 August (here) I showed that many of the world's shark species face conservation concerns, based on data collected by the IUCN. This begs the question whether shark management and conservation efforts in its current form are sufficient or effective enough to ensure long-term conservation and sustainable use of these …

Shark Management, NGOs and Environmental Policy-making

Introduction In recent study on representatives of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) engaged in shark issues, Shiffman and others found out that it is especially small NGOs whose representatives do not engage with the scientific literature on shark management favour a ban on all shark fisheries. They consider this fishery inherently unsustainable. Even though the science in …

Die Wiederbesiedelung Europas – auf Megafauna Art und Weise

Einleitung Am 3. August 2021 veröffentliche das Fachblatt rrounal of Environmental Law den Artikel “Megafauna Rewilding: Addressing Amnesia and Myopia in Biodiversity Law and Policy” von Prof. Arie Trouwborst (hier). In diesem Artikel geht Trouwborst der Frage nach, in wie weit und ob das Völkerrecht und internationale Politiken es erlauben, Gegenden, in denen Megafauna (Großtierarten) …

CITES – While there is movement, there is inertia in including indigenous youth

When the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) was adopted in March 1973, the discourse on including indigenous peoples into the decision-making processes was just emerging. Now, almost 50 years later, CITES has become a fierce battleground of competing interests, similar, yet not quite as bad, as in …

CITES and the Polar Bear

Introduction The parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) are currently meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, for the 18th Conference of the Parties (CoP). The CoP discusses far-reaching issues that aim to curb the illegal trade in endangered wildlife and to limit trade in species that are …

Where conservation efforts and conservation collide? The tension between tackling immediate and long-term threats

In a recent opinion piece in Trends in Ecology & Evolution, entitled Integrating Proximal and Horizon Threats to Biodiversity for Conservation (Bonebrake et al., 2019), the authors propose a rather new way of addressing conservation efforts. Their main argument rests in the assertion that there is no such thing as a 'major' threat to biodiversity, …

Death penalty for poachers in Kenya?

Recently, news broke (again) that Kenya was to introduce the death penalty for poachers (the same story ran already in May 2018). According to the Wildlife Conservation and Management Act (WCMA), poaching means the "illegal hunting, illegal capturing and illegal harvesting of any wildlife." Kenya lists the African elephant (Loxodonta africana), the White rhino (Ceratotherium simum) …